Our team of professionally trained Optometrist doctors are ready to provide our clients with the highest quality eye exams we’ve been offering to New York City since 1971. Entrust your vision care to us and you’ll see the difference!
Comprehensive Eye and Vision Examination
Periodic eye and vision examinations are an important part of preventive health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms, so you might not know a problem exists. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye and vision problems can help prevent vision loss.
Each patient’s signs and symptoms, along with your optometrist’s professional judgment, will determine what tests your optometrist conducts. A comprehensive adult eye and vision examination may include, but is not limited to, the following tests.
The doctor will ask about any eye or vision problems you are currently having and about your overall health. In addition, a patient history will include when your eye or vision symptoms began, medications you are taking, and any work-related or environmental conditions that may be affecting your vision. The doctor will also ask about any previous eye or health conditions you and your family members have experienced.
Visual acuity measurements evaluate how clearly each eye is seeing. Reading charts are often used to measure visual acuity. As part of the testing, you will read letters on charts at a distance and near.
The results of visual acuity testing are written as a fraction, such as 20/40. The top number in the fraction is the standard distance at which testing is done (20 feet). The bottom number is the smallest letter size you were able to read. A person with 20/40 visual acuity would have to get within 20 feet to see a letter that should be seen clearly at 40 feet. Normal distance visual acuity is 20/20.
An optometrist may first want to look at specific aspects of your visual function and eye health. Preliminary tests can include evaluations of depth perception, color vision, eye muscle movements, peripheral or side vision, and the way your pupils respond to light.
These tests measure the curvature of the cornea (the clear outer surface of the eye) by focusing a circle of light on the cornea and measuring its reflection. This measurement is particularly critical in determining the proper fit for contact lenses.
Refraction determines the lens power you need to compensate for any refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism). Using an instrument called a phoropter, your optometrist places a series of lenses in front of your eyes. He or she then measures how these lenses focus light using a handheld lighted instrument called a retinoscope. Your doctor may choose to use an instrument that automatically evaluates the focusing power of the eye. The lens power is then refined based your input on the lenses that give you the clearest vision.
Eye Health Evaluation
In addition to measuring the pressure inside of the eye, this also the part of the eye exam where your doctor of optometry can detect otherwise unknown eye and systemic diseases.
Additional testing may be needed based on the results of the previous tests to confirm or rule out possible problems, to clarify uncertain findings, or to provide a more in-depth assessment.
At the completion of the examination, your optometrist will assess and evaluate the results of the testing to determine a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan. He or she will discuss with you the nature of any visual or eye health problems found and explain available treatment options. In some cases, referral for consultation with, or treatment by, another optometrist or other health care provider may be indicated.
If you have questions about any diagnosed eye or vision conditions, or treatment recommendations, don’t hesitate to ask your doctor for additional information or explanation.
Contact lens exam
A routine eye exam is not the same as a contact lens exam. For contact lens wearers, a contact lens exam is necessary to ensure the lenses are fitting both eyes properly and that the health of the eyes is not harmed by the contact lenses.
If you wear or want contacts, you need a contact lens exam in addition to a comprehensive eye exam. Your eye doctor will perform special tests during a contact lens exam to evaluate your vision with contacts. The first test will measure your eye surface to determine what size and type of contacts are best for you. Your doctor may also do a tear film evaluation to make sure you have enough tears to comfortably wear contacts.
With the results of those tests, your eye doctor can provide a contact lens prescription that is the right fit for your eyes. An eyeglass prescription is no substitute for a contact lens exam because the two are very different. An eyeglass prescription measures for lenses that are positioned approximately 12 millimeters from your eyes; whereas a contact lens prescription measures for lenses that sit directly on the surface the eye. An improper fitting or prescription of contacts can damage the health of the eyes.
Once you have the correct fit and prescription for contacts, you’ll need to decide whether you want disposable contacts or extended wear, and if you want your contacts to be colored.
Your doctor will fit you with a trial pair of contacts and have you wear them for a few days. In about a week, you’ll need a follow-up exam to make sure you have adjusted to your new lenses.
Dilation of the eye
An important part of an eye exam is the dilated retinal examination. It involves putting dilation drops in the eyes to evaluate the health which include the retina, optic nerve and macula. It assists in detection of retinal disease, cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachments, retinal breaks, macular degeneration and other important degenerative conditions.
Your eye doctor will put a small amount of dilating eye drops into each of your eyes. It usually takes about 20 to 30 minutes for your pupils to fully open. Light-colored eyes (such as blue, green or hazel) will dilate faster than brown eyes.
While your eyes are dilated, your vision will be blurry. You will have trouble focusing on close objects. You also will be extra sensitive to bright light. If your eyes will be dilated for an exam or procedure, bring sunglasses with you. They will help with the glare and light sensitivity when you leave your appointment.
The effects of dilating eye drops last a few hours. Your eye doctor cannot tell you how blurry your vision will be and for how long. That depends on the type of dilating eye drop used and how your eyes react. It may not be safe to drive yourself after having your eyes dilated. You should make arrangements to have someone drive you after your appointment.
If you have any questions before or after a dilated eye exam or procedure, be sure to speak with your eye doctor.
OPTYX is pleased to provide high-resolution digital phtograph imaging to you our patient. Our DIGITIAL RETINOGRAPHY SYSTEM enhances your exam by providing a detailed visual record to document the current appearance of your retina. These screening images are beneficial in documenting healthy eyes as well as in aiding in early detection of certain retinal conditions.
We encourage all of our patients to have this procedure to establish a point of reference for future examinations. Screening photos are offered as a service to our patients as we aim to provide the highest level of eyecare.
We offer this service for a nominal fee of $45.00. It should be noted that the High-Res digital images do not replace eye dilation, however, in many cases pupil dilation is not needed to obtain the pictures.
Visual Field Test
We offer visual field exams to test for central and peripheral vision problems. A visual field can detect signs of glaucoma, stroke, brain tumors, disease of the pituitary & optical nerve, as well as other neurological disorders. It can also detect signs of retinal damages caused by certain medications, vascular disease or trauma.
Using a Octopus VF, we are able to comfortably & accurately test a patient in approximately 10 minutes.
Currently available at our Wheatley Plaza location.